sundry practices ［雑行］ ( zō-gyō): Also, diverse practices. One of two categories of practices defined by Shan-tao (613–681), a patriarch of the Pure Land school in China, in his Commentary on the Meditation on the Buddha Infinite Life Sutra. The other category is correct practices. “Sundry practices” means all Buddhist practices not directed toward Amida Buddha, i.e., the practices of all schools and teachings other than Pure Land. “Correct practices” means those directed toward Amida Buddha, such as reading and reciting the Pure Land sutras centered on Amida Buddha, worshiping Amida Buddha, and invoking Amida Buddha’s name. See also five sundry practices.