Seiryō-ji ［清凉寺］: A temple of the Pure Land (Jōdo) school in Kyoto, Japan. Originally a villa belonging to Minamoto no Tōru, a son of Emperor Saga, it was converted into a temple and founded in 896 with the name Seika-ji. In 983 Chōnen, a priest of Tōdai-ji temple, traveled to China. There he had an image of Shakyamuni Buddha made, a copy of the Buddha image enshrined at K’ai-yüan-ssu temple in that country. In China, it was believed that the K’ai-yüan-ssu image had been sculpted in Shakyamuni’s time by order of King Udayana of Kaushāmbī in India. In 987 Chōnen brought his copy of the image back with him to Japan, and after his death his disciple Jōsan enshrined it in the Shakyamuni Buddha Hall in the Seika-ji compound. This hall was named Seiryō-ji. As worship of the image became popular, Seiryō-ji became the main hall on the grounds of the original Seika-ji, and later the entire temple was renamed Seiryō-ji.