Seng-chao ［僧肇］ (384–414) (PY Sengzhao; Sōjō): A priest of Ch’ang-an in China and a disciple of Kumārajīva. He first studied the Taoist philosophy of Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu. On reading the Vimalakīrti Sutra, however, he took a deep interest in Buddhism and resolved to become a Buddhist priest. Later he heard of Kumārajīva and became one of his most outstanding disciples, assisting Kumārajīva in the translation of Buddhist scriptures. He wrote The Treatises of Seng-chao, which elucidates the concepts of non-substantiality, wisdom, and nirvana, and The Afterwordto the Lotus Sutra Translation, which describes Kumārajīva translating the Lotus Sutra.