Yamashina-dera ［山階寺］: The original name of Kōfuku-ji, the head temple of the Dharma Characteristics (Hossō) school in Nara, Japan. It was built in 669 by the wife of Fujiwara no Kamatari, founder of the Fujiwara clan, to memorialize her husband upon his death. Originally located in Yamashina Village in Kyoto, from which it took its name, the temple later moved to Umayasaka in Nara. When it moved again to its present site in Nara, it was renamed Kōfuku-ji. Yamashina-dera was the family temple of the Fujiwaras, who held great political power during much of the Heian period (794–1185).