Jien ［慈円］ (1155–1225): A priest of the Tendai school in Japan. He was a son of the imperial regent Fujiwara Tadamichi. In 1167 he received the precepts from Myōun, the chief priest of the Tendai school, and in 1203 he was appointed general administrator of priests. He held the position of chief priest of Enryaku-ji, the head temple of the Tendai school, on four occasions. After his death the imperial court gave him the name Jichin. A noted poet, Jien left a collection of poems titled The Gathering of Jewels. Ninety of his poems appear in A New Collection of Ancient and Modern Poetry compiled in 1205 at the order of the imperial court. He also wrote a historical work titled A Personal View.