Buddhabhadra ［仏陀跋陀羅］ (359–429) (; Buddabaddara): A monk of northern India who was active as a translator in China. He entered the monkhood in his youth and received instruction in the teachings on meditation in Kashmir. In 408 (406 according to another account) he went to Ch’ang-an in China and propagated the teachings. He assisted Kumārajīva in the translation of Buddhist scriptures, but later he went south, where he was welcomed by Hui-yüan at Mount Lu and lectured on the doctrine of meditation at Hui-yüan’s request. Later he lived at Tao-ch’ang-ssu temple in Chien-k’ang and there translated a number of Buddhist scriptures into Chinese. Together with Fa-hsien, he translated The Great Canon of Monastic Rules and the six-volume Mahāparinirvāna Sutra. He also translated the sixty-volume version of the Flower Garland Sutra. In total, he is said to have translated 13 works in 125 volumes (some sources say 15 works in 117 volumes), contributing greatly to the development of Chinese Buddhism.