Buddhamitra ［仏陀密多］ (n.d.) (; Buddamitta): A monk of northern India, and the eighth of Shakyamuni’s twenty-three, or the ninth of his twenty-four, successors. He studied under Buddhananda, his predecessor among the Buddha’s successors, converted people by skillful means, and defeated a number of Brahmanists in debate. The king of his country, however, was strongly attached to Brahmanism and tried to rid the kingdom of all Buddhist influences. Determined to overcome the king’s prejudice, Buddhamitra, bearing a red flag, is said to have walked back and forth in front of the palace for twelve years. Finally the king, moved by his resolve, allowed him to debate with a Brahmanist teacher in the king’s presence. Buddhamitra refuted his opponent and thus converted the king to Buddhism. On another occasion, he refuted an ascetic who was slandering the Buddha, and converted the man and his five hundred followers to Buddhism, an accomplishment for which he became widely known.