I-ching ［義浄］ (635–713) (PY Yijing; Gijō): A Chinese priest who traveled to India in 671 to study Buddhism and returned to China to translate Buddhist scriptures. He studied both Hinayana and Mahayana teachings at Nālandā Monastery and visited many Buddhist sites. He recorded his travels in The Record of Southern Countries. In 695 he returned to Lo-yang with some four hundred Sanskrit scriptures and devoted himself to translating them. He translated fifty-six Buddhist texts in 230 volumes in all, including the Sovereign Kings of the Golden Light Sutra.