Land of Sages and Common Mortals ［凡聖同居土］ ( bonshō-dōgo-do): Also, Land of Enlightened and Unenlightened Beings. Literally, “the land where common mortals and sages dwell together” and thus called “land of co-dwelling” for short. One of the four kinds of lands described in the doctrine of the T’ien-t’ai school. This is divided into two categories: impure lands of co-dwelling and pure lands of co-dwelling. The impure lands include this sahā world, where common mortals of the six paths (the realms of hell, hungry spirits, animals, asuras, human beings, and heavenly beings) and sages of the four noble worlds (the realms of voice-hearers, cause-awakened ones, bodhisattvas, and Buddhas) dwell together. The pure lands include Amida Buddha’s Pure Land of Perfect Bliss, where human beings and heavenly beings are said to live together with the people of the three vehicles (voice-hearers, cause-awakened ones, and bodhisattvas) and the Buddha.