Words of Truth Sutra ［法句経］ (Pali Dhammapada; Chin Fa-chü-ching; Hokku-kyō): Also known as the Sutra on the Words of Truth. A collection of short, practical teachings by Shakyamuni Buddha on topics related to Buddhist practice and daily living. It is often used as an introduction to Buddhism or cited to exemplify basic Buddhist ideas, and was extremely popular in Asian countries. There are both a Pali and a Sanskrit text, each of which has two Chinese translations. One of the two Chinese translations from Pali was produced by Vighna (Chin Wei-ch’i-nan) and others in 224, and the other by Fa-chü and Fa-li between 290 and 306. One of the translations from Sanskrit was produced by Chu Fo-nien toward the end of the fourth century and the other by T’ien-hsi-tsai sometime between 990 and 1000. The Pali text Dhammapada was also translated into Latin in 1855 and later into English and other European languages. The Dhammapada is said to have been one of the first Buddhist texts introduced to the West.