Record of Southern Countries, The ［南海寄帰内法伝］ (Chin Nan-hai-chi-kuei-nei-fa-chuan; Nankai-kiki-naihō-den): A work by the Chinese priest I-ching recording his travels to India and Southeast Asia from 671 to 695. I-ching traveled by sea to India, where he studied Hinayana and Mahayana teachings at Nālandā Monastery and other Buddhist centers. En route back to China, he stayed in Shrīvijaya, a country on the island that is now Sumatra, Indonesia. There, in 691, he set down this record and had Ta-chin, a Chinese priest he met in Shrīvijaya, take it to Ch’ang-an in China. The work describes the daily lives of monks and nuns, their observance of the precepts and rules of monastic discipline, and is considered a valuable reference for the study of India and Southeast Asia of that period. An English translation of this work by the Japanese scholar Junjirō Takakusu was published in 1896 under the title A Record of the Buddhist Religion as Practiced in India and [the] Malay Archipelago (a.d. 671–695) by Itsing.