Hui-wen ［慧文］ (n.d.) (PY Huiwen; Emon): A priest of China who lived in the sixth century. Hui-wen studied Nāgārjuna’s Treatise on the Middle Way and Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom and devoted himself to the practice of meditation. He is said to have awakened to the three kinds of wisdom in a single mind and the three truths of non-substantiality, temporary existence, and the Middle Way. Hui-wen transferred his teachings to Nan-yüeh. One view regards him as the founder of the T’ien-t’ai school, Nan-yüeh as its second patriarch, and T’ien-t’ai, its third patriarch. Another view regards Hui-wen as its second patriarch, in which case Nāgārjuna is considered the founder. See also three kinds of wisdom; three truths.