Upagupta ［優婆毱多］ (; Ubakikuta): A native of Mathura in India in the third century b.c.e. He is regarded as the fourth of Shakyamuni Buddha’s twenty-three, or the fifth of his twenty-four, successors. Upagupta studied under Shānavāsa and received the transmission of the Buddha’s teachings from him. Once when Upagupta was preaching on Mount Urumanda, King Ashoka expressed a desire to go and hear him. Upon learning of this, Upagupta went to Pātaliputra and preached the Buddha’s teachings for Ashoka. Out of gratitude, King Ashoka erected stupas at various sites associated with Shakyamuni Buddha.