Milindapanha ［ミリンダ王問経］ (Pali; Mirindaō-monkyō): The Questions of King Milinda. A record of the dialogues of the Buddhist monk Nāgasena and the learned Greco-Bactrian king Menander or Menandros (Pali Milinda), who ruled the region that is the present-day Afghanistan and northern India in the latter half of the second century b.c.e. The questions put by King Menander to the monk Nāgasena cover a wide range of subjects, such as the nature of self, wisdom and desire, transmigration, karma, the Buddha as a historical figure, the Buddhist Order, the qualifications of monks, the respective roles of monks and lay people, and nirvana. This work is valued as one of the first recorded encounters between Hellenistic and Buddhist thought and culture. It states that Menander dedicated a monastery to Nāgasena and abdicated the throne in favor of his son, entering the Buddhist Order and eventually attaining the state of arhat. Menander’s renunciation of the secular world is questionable in light of historical evidence, but it appears that he gained a great understanding of Buddhism and his influence helped it to prosper. The Chinese text titled the Monk Nāgasena Sutra corresponds to the first three chapters of the Milindapanha. It was translated sometime during the Eastern Chin dynasty (317–420). The translator is unknown.