Mallikā ［末利］ (, Pali; Mari): The wife of Prasenajit, a king of Kosala in ancient India. According to The Fourfold Rules of Discipline, she was a maidservant of a Brahman at Shrāvastī, the capital of Kosala. One day, Prasenajit encountered Mallikā who made a deep impression on him. He took her as one of his consorts, among whom she came to hold the foremost place. Later she visited Shakyamuni Buddha at Jetavana Monastery in Shrāvastī in the Kosala kingdom to receive his instruction and converted to his teachings. She led Prasenajit to the Buddha’s teachings. In the Increasing by One Āgama Sutra, Mallikā is described as foremost among laywomen who made offerings to the Buddha. Mallikā appears with Prasenajit in many Buddhist works. According to one account, she was the mother of Virūdhaka, who later seized the throne from his father Prasenajit and killed the great majority of the Shākyas. Shrīmālā, the protagonist of the Shrīmālā Sutra, is known as a daughter of Mallikā and King Prasenajit. See also Virūdhaka.