anger ［瞋恚・瞋］ ( dvesha; Pali dosa; shinni or shin): In Buddhism, one of the three poisons, or three sources of vice and suffering, the other two being greed and foolishness. In Buddhism, anger refers particularly to malice born of hatred and is regarded as a great obstacle to Buddhist practice. It is seen as preventing one’s heart from turning to goodness and as destroying the good roots of benefit accumulated through Buddhist practice. T’ien-t’ai (538–597) says in The Words and Phrases of the Lotus Sutra, “Because anger increases in intensity, armed strife occurs.” Buddhism emphasizes the practice of compassion and forbearance. See also dvesha.