Annotations on the Meaning of the Lotus Sutra, The ［法華義疏］ (1) (Chin Fa-hua-i-shu; Hokke-gisho): A twelve-volume work by Chi-tsang (549–623) of China who systematized the doctrines of the Three Treatises (San-lun) school. Chi-tsang highly esteemed the Lotus Sutra and wrote several commentaries on it. The Treatise on the Profundity of the Lotus Sutra is another of his major works. In The Annotations on the Meaning of the Lotus Sutra, he supports his views with quotations from various sutras, treatises, and commentaries, and with interpretations of the Lotus Sutra put forth by other scholars. For this reason, this work is valued for the study of not only Chi-tsang’s but also other Chinese scholars’ views on the Lotus Sutra.
(2) ( Hokke-gisho): A four-volume work attributed to Prince Shōtoku (574–622), the second son of Emperor Yōmei of Japan. This work is one of the three commentaries attributed to Prince Shōtoku, the other two being commentaries on the Shrīmālā and Vimalakīrti sutras. Though based on Fa-yün’s Meaning of the Lotus Sutra, it includes original opinions and interpretations regarding the Lotus Sutra of the Wonderful Law, or Kumārajīva’s translation of the sutra. The existence of such an in-depth work in the very early stage of Japanese Buddhism deserves attention. The original text is extant.