Onjō-ji ［園城寺］: Also known as Mii-dera. The head temple of the Temple (Jimon) branch of the Tendai school, located in Ōtsu in Shiga Prefecture, Japan. According to the temple’s tradition, it was built in 686 by Ōtomo no Yotamaro, a son of Prince Ōtomo, but it is widely thought that a local lord called Ōtomo built it as a family temple in the late Nara period (710–794). Chishō, later the fifth chief priest of Enryaku-ji, the head temple of the Tendai school on Mount Hiei, restored Onjō-ji in 859, and it became affiliated with Enryaku-ji temple. Later friction arose between priests in the lineage of Jikaku, the third chief priest of Enryaku-ji, and those in Chishō’s lineage. In 993, one hundred years after Chishō’s death, his followers left Mount Hiei and moved to Onjō-ji temple, where they declared their independence from Enryaku-ji and established the Temple school.