ox-head sandalwood ［牛頭栴檀］ ( goshīrsha-chandana; gozu-sendan): A particular kind of sandalwood that grows in southern India. It is reddish in color and has medicinal properties. Ox-head sandalwood is said to have the finest fragrance of all sandalwood. The Sanskrit word go means ox, and shīrsha means head; chandana means sandalwood. The name of this sandalwood is said to derive from either the shape or the name of a mountain upon which it grew.