Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra (1) ［摩訶般若波羅蜜経］ ( Panchavimshatisāhasrikā-prajnāpāramitā; Chin Mo-ho-pan-jo-po-lo-mi-ching; Makahannya-haramitsu-kyō): One of the major Wisdom sutras, translated into Chinese by Kumārajīva in 404. Also known as the Larger Wisdom Sutra, in contrast with the Smaller Wisdom Sutra (also translated by Kumārajīva). The formal Chinese titles of these two sutras are the same; hence they are commonly distinguished by the shortened titles above. The Larger Wisdom Sutra expounds the doctrine of supreme wisdom ( prajnā) and the non-substantiality of all phenomena. The text consists of ninety chapters. In the first six chapters, Shakyamuni Buddha expounds the doctrine of supreme wisdom to his disciples of superior capacity, including Shāriputra. In the subsequent chapters, Subhūti preaches to bodhisattvas and others on behalf of the Buddha. The Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom is Nāgārjuna’s commentary on the Sanskrit text of this sutra.
(2) ［摩訶般若波羅蜜経］ ( Ashtasāhasrikā-prajnāpāramitā; Chin Mo-ho-pan-jo-po-lo-mi-ching; Makahannya-haramitsu-kyō): Also known as the Smaller Wisdom Sutra. A sutra translated by Kumārajīva in 408, the Chinese title of which is also rendered as the Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra. It consists of twenty-nine chapters. Though considerably different in length, the Larger and Smaller Wisdom sutras basically set forth the same doctrines.
(3) ［大般若波羅蜜多経・大般若経］ ( Mahāprajnāpāramitā-sūtra; Chin Ta-pan-jo-po-lo-mi-to-ching; Daihannya-haramitta-kyō or Daihannya-kyō): Also known as the Great Wisdom Sutra. See Great Wisdom Sutra.