Kumārayāna ［鳩摩羅炎］ (n.d.) (; Kumaraen): The father of Kumārajīva. He lived in the fourth century and was the son of a minister of an Indian kingdom, but forsook his position to enter the Buddhist Order. He left India and crossed the Pamir range to the north, traveling toward China. In the Central Asian kingdom of Kucha, he was officially welcomed by the king and was designated as teacher of the nation. In compliance with royal decree, he married Jīvakā, the king’s younger sister, and called their son Kumārajīva, combining their names. According to legend, when Kumārayāna left India, he brought with him a statue of Shakyamuni Buddha. It is said that he carried the statue during the day, and at night the statue carried him.