Kapilavastu ［迦毘羅衛国］ (; Pali Kapilavatthu; Kabirae-koku): The ancient kingdom of the Shākya tribe; a small state on the Indian–Nepalese border. The capital was also called Kapilavastu. Based on archaeological findings, it was believed that the capital was located at Tilaurakot in southern Nepal. More recent excavations, however, indicate that it was more likely located at the site of present-day Piprahwa (also spelled Piprava) just south (on the Indian side) of the India–Nepal border. Lumbinī, Shakyamuni’s birthplace, is the present-day Rummindei, located east of Piprahwa just inside Nepal’s southern border. A stone pillar erected by King Ashoka on his visit to this spot still remains. In Shakyamuni’s later years, Virūdhaka, the king of Kosala, destroyed the Shākya kingdom. Early in the fifth century, Fa-hsien, a Chinese Buddhist priest, visited the former capital at Kapilavastu and noted in his travel record that the capital was devastated and only a few dozen houses remained.