Kakuban ［覚鑁］ (1095–1143): Also known as Shōkaku-bō. The precursor of the New Doctrine (Shingi) school in Japan, a branch of the True Word (Shingon) school. Born in Hizen Province, he entered Ninna-ji temple in Kyoto in 1107 and studied under Kanjo. He also studied at Nara and received instruction in the True Word teachings at Kongōbu-ji, Mii-dera, and Daigo-ji temples. He entered Kongōbu-ji on Mount Kōya in 1114. In 1132 he founded and presided over two new temples there, known as Daidembō-in and Mitsugon-in. In 1134 he concurrently became the chief priest of Kongōbu-ji. This incurred the enmity of the other priests of Mount Kōya, however, and he and his followers were forced to flee. They went to Mount Negoro, where he founded Emmyō-ji temple. Because of differences in doctrinal interpretation, his followers founded the New Doctrine branch of the True Word school in the late thirteenth century, in opposition to the traditional teachings of Mount Kōya and Tō-ji temple in Kyoto. Those traditional temples and their teachings came to be known as the Old Doctrine (Kogi) school.