Champā ［瞻波］ (, Pali; Sempa): The capital of Anga, one of the sixteen great states in India of Shakyamuni’s time, bordered on the west by the Magadha kingdom. Champā was one of the six great cities in India, the others being Shrāvastī, Shāketa, Vaishālī, Vārānasī, and Rājagriha. It is believed to have been at the site of present-day Bhagalpur in northeastern India or its vicinity, just south of the Ganges River. Shakyamuni Buddha visited Champā several times to preach. According to The Record of the Western Regions, Hsüan-tsang’s record of his travels through Central Asia and India during the seventh century, when he visited Champā, he saw dozens of monasteries, though many were in disrepair; he reported that about two hundred monks were studying the Hinayana doctrines in those monasteries.