Chu Fa-lan ［竺法蘭］ (n.d.) (PY Zhu Falan; Jiku-hōran): A monk of central India said to have been the first to introduce Buddhism to China. Chu Fa-lan is his Chinese name. According to Chinese tradition, he traveled from India to Lo-yang in China with another Indian monk, Kāshyapa Mātanga, in c.e. 67 at the invitation of Emperor Ming of the Later Han dynasty. Because they arrived in China with white horses laden with Buddhist scriptures, Buddhism was referred to as the “teaching brought by white horses.” He lived at Pai-ma-ssu (White Horse Temple) in the suburbs of Lo-yang and there translated five sutras into Chinese, including the Sutra of Forty-two Sections. Of the five sutras, this is the only one extant, but it is considered to have been produced in China. The Sanskrit name for Chu Fa-lan is uncertain, although scholars assume it to have been Dharmaratna, Dharmaraksha, or Dharmāranya.