Pūrna ［富楼那］ (; Pali Punna; Furuna): One of Shakyamuni Buddha’s ten major disciples. Noted as foremost in preaching the Law, he is said to have converted five hundred people of his tribe. His full name is Pūrna Maitrāyanīputra, but he is commonly referred to simply as Pūrna. According to the Sutra of the Collected Stories of the Buddha’s Deeds in Past Lives and other sutras, he was born to a rich Brahman family near Kapilavastu, the kingdom of the Shākyas, but renounced secular life to seek enlightenment and entered the Snow Mountains where he practiced austerities. As a result, he achieved a degree of awakening. When he heard that Shakyamuni had attained Buddhahood, he became the Buddha’s disciple and attained the state of arhat. According to another explanation, Pūrna was originally a merchant in the seaport town of Sunāparanta in western India and first heard of Shakyamuni’s teachings when he joined a commercial voyage with some Shrāvastī merchants who were lay Buddhists. The divergence between these two accounts has led some scholars to conclude that there were actually two individuals named Pūrna. It has been established that there was a monk in Sunāparanta named Pūrna, but whether he was the Pūrna who was one of Shakyamuni’s major disciples is unclear. In the Lotus Sutra, Pūrna belongs to the last of the three groups of voice-hearers who, in the “Parable of the Phantom City” (seventh) chapter of the sutra, understand the Buddha’s teaching by hearing about their relationship with Shakyamuni countless kalpas in the past. The “Five Hundred Disciples” (eighth) chapter predicts that Pūrna will attain enlightenment as the Buddha Law Bright.