Prāsangika school ［帰謬論証派］ (; Kibyūronshō-ha): One of the two schools of Mādhyamika (Middle Way) philosophy in India. The Prāsangika school was founded by Buddhapālita (c. 470–540). Buddhapālita and his contemporary Bhāvaviveka wrote separate commentaries on Nāgārjuna’s Madhyamaka-kārikā, or Verses on the Middle Way, taking different approaches to explaining the truth of non-substantiality. As a result, the Mādhyamika school divided into two schools—the Prāsangika school, led by Buddhapālita, and the Svātantrika school, headed by Bhāvaviveka. The Prāsangika school employed what might be described as a dialectic approach, pointing out contradictions in the arguments of an opponent school to demonstrate the truth of non-substantiality. Chandrakīrti (c. 600–650), whose works defined the school’s position, continued its tradition. See also Svātantrika school.