pāpīyas ［波旬］ (; hajun): A devil, especially a devil king. Pāpīyas is often synonymous with the Sanskrit word māra, and is identified with the devil king of the sixth heaven in the world of desire. In Buddhist scriptures, Pāpīyas often appears as the proper name of this devil king, who is said to constantly harass Shakyamuni Buddha and his disciples. He attempts to obstruct people’s Buddhist practice and prevent them from attaining enlightenment. He is also said to lure people toward evil and on to destruction. The Sanskrit pāpīyas also means villain, or evil spirit.