Pātaliputra ［華氏城］ (; Pali Pātaliputta; Keshi-jō): The capital of Magadha in ancient India. It is today the city of Patna. During the reign of King Bimbisāra in the time of Shakyamuni Buddha, the capital of Magadha was Rājagriha. Bimbisāra’s son, Ajātashatru, moved it, however, to Pātaliputra near the Ganges after assuming the throne. According to another account, it was Udāyibhadra, the son or grandson of Ajātashatru, who moved the capital from Rājagriha to Pātaliputra. Pātaliputra later flourished as the capital of the Maurya dynasty (c. 317 b.c.e.–c.e. 180) and the Gupta dynasty (c. 320–570), during which periods lived the kings Ashoka and Chandragupta II, respectively. The Third Buddhist Council was held at Pātaliputra about two hundred years after Shakyamuni’s death. The Chinese priests Fa-hsien and Hsüan-tsang, who chronicled their journeys to India, visited Pātaliputra in the fifth and seventh centuries, respectively. Fa-hsien wrote that the city was prosperous and Buddhism flourished there, but Hsüan-tsang noted that Pātaliputra was in ruins by the time he visited it.