Pushyamitra ［弗沙弥多羅王］ (n.d.) (; Hosshamittara-ō): A king in India around the second century b.c.e. who became an enemy of Buddhism. A descendant of King Ashoka, he originally served as commander in chief of the armies of Brihadratha, the last king of the Maurya dynasty. He murdered Brihadratha in 183 b.c.e. and assumed the throne, founding the Shunga dynasty and ruling northern India from his capital at Pātaliputra. He disparaged Buddhism, killed many monks, and destroyed Kukkutārāma Monastery, a major center of Buddhism built by Ashoka.