Dōryū ［道隆］ (1213–1278) (; Chin Tao-lung): Also known as Rankei (Lan-ch’i) or Rankei Dōryū (Lan-ch’i Tao-lung). A priest of the Lin-chi ( Rinzai) school of Zen in China who became a prominent teacher of that school in Japan. Dōryū is the Japanese reading of his Chinese name. Born in Lan-ch’i, China, he entered the priesthood in 1225 and studied the Zen (Ch’an) teachings. In 1246 he went to Japan, accompanied by several of his disciples. The next year, he arrived in Kyoto and lived there at Sennyū-ji temple. He later went to Kamakura and lived at the temples Jufuku-ji and Jōraku-ji. When Hōjō Tokiyori, the regent of the Kamakura shogunate, built Kenchō-ji temple in Kamakura in 1253, Dōryū was invited to become its first chief priest. There he propagated the Zen teachings for thirteen years. Later he moved to Kennin-ji temple in Kyoto, but returned to Kamakura and lived at Kenchō-ji. Because of a disciple’s calumny, he was twice exiled to Kai Province, but was pardoned and returned to Kenchō-ji, where he died of illness. The Japanese imperial court gave him the posthumous title the Meditation Master Daigaku (Great Awakening).