Daikoku ［大黒］ (; Mahākāla): Also known as Daikoku-ten. A god of wealth and good fortune and one of the seven beneficent deities worshiped in Japan. This deity was originally the god of darkness and god of battle in Indian mythology. In his Sanskrit name Mahākāla, mahā means great, and kāla, black. The Japanese name Daikoku-ten means the great black god, and he was usually painted as a black figure with a furious expression. I-ching (635–713) says in The Record of Southern Countries, a record of his travels in India, that an image of Mahākāla was installed in the kitchens of the temples in India, and that it carried a bag of gold in its hand, indicating the power to bestow good fortune. Daikoku was introduced in this form to China and Japan, where he became an object of popular belief, evolving from a kitchen deity to the god of rice and rice fields. In the Edo period (1600–1867) in Japan, Daikoku was depicted in painting and sculpture with a happy expression and widely worshiped, together with Ebisu, who is also a god of wealth and one of the seven beneficent deities.