Fa-tsang ［法蔵］ (643–712) (PY Fazang; Hōzō): Also known as Hsien-shou or the Great Teacher Hsien-shou. The third patriarch of the Flower Garland (Hua-yen) school in China. His family was originally from Central Asia. In 659 he entered the Buddhist learning center at Mount T’ai-po as a layman and began to study the Buddhist scriptures. Later he learned the Flower Garland doctrines from Chih-yen at the capital, Lo-yang. In 670 he became a priest in compliance with an imperial directive. In 695 he assisted Shikshānanda with his eighty-volume translation of the Flower Garland Sutra. He contributed greatly to the systematization of the Flower Garland doctrine, wrote many commentaries, and formulated a classification system called the “five teachings and ten doctrines” to demonstrate the superiority of the Flower Garland Sutra. Hence the Hua-yen school is also called the Hsien-shou ( Genju) school. He lectured widely on the Flower Garland Sutra and built Flower Garland temples in Lo-yang, Ch’ang-an, and elsewhere.