Fivefold Rules of Discipline, The ［五分律］ (Chin Wu-fen-lü; Gobun-ritsu): Also known as The Mahīshāsaka Vinaya or The Mahīshāsaka Fivefold Vinaya. A work of the vinaya (rules of monastic discipline) of the Mahīshāsaka school, one of the eighteen Hinayana schools and one of the divisions of the Sarvāstivāda school. It was translated by Buddhajīva, an Indian monk of the Mahīshāsaka school who came to China in 423, together with Tao-sheng and Hui-yen, disciples of Kumārajīva, at Lung-kuang-ssu temple in Chien-k’ang. “Fivefold” in the title refers to the fact that the work consists of five sections. According to tradition, it is a translation of the Sanskrit text that Fa-hsien, a Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, brought from Sri Lanka in the early fifth century.