five practices ［五種の修行］ ( goshu-no-shugyō): Five kinds of practice described in the “Teacher of the Law” (tenth) chapter of the Lotus Sutra. They are to embrace, read, recite, expound, and transcribe the Lotus Sutra. The “Teacher of the Law” chapter says that one who embraces, reads, recites, expounds, and transcribes even a single verse of the sutra will attain Buddhahood without fail. In this chapter, Shakyamuni says to the bodhisattva Medicine King: “You should understand that such persons [who carry out the five practices] have already offered alms to a hundred thousand million Buddhas and in the place of the Buddhas have fulfilled their great vow, and because they take pity on living beings they have been born in this human world. Medicine King, if someone should ask what living beings will be able to attain Buddhahood in a latter-day existence, then you should show him that all these people in a latter-day existence are certain to attain Buddhahood.” Various categories of five practices are set forth in Buddhism.