T’an-yao ［曇曜］ (n.d.) (PY Tanyao; Don’yō): A priest and a translator of Buddhist scriptures in China noted for his establishment of the Yün-kang cave-temples. When Emperor T’ai-wu (also known as Emperor Wu) of the Northern Wei dynasty abolished Buddhism in 446, T’an-yao secluded himself in a mountain forest. Thereafter Buddhism was restored by Emperor Wen-ch’eng who held T’an-yao in high esteem and in 460 appointed him national director of the clergy. Around the same year, he initiated construction of the earliest among the Yün-kang cave-temples. T’an-yao resided at one of these cave-temples, where he worked with Kinkara, a monk from Central Asia, to translate into Chinese A History of the Buddha’s Successors and the Storehouse of Various Treasures Sutra.