turning of the wheel of the Law ［転法輪］ ( tembō-rin): The preaching of a Buddha. The “wheel” ( chakra) in this expression derives from that possessed by a wheel-turning king, the symbol of an ideal ruler in Indian mythology. The wheel, or chakra, was employed to symbolize dharma-chakra, or the Buddha’s teachings. Just as the wheel-turning king turned his chakra to defeat enemies, the Buddha “turned the wheel” of his teachings to subdue people’s illusions and earthly desires. The turning of the wheel of the Law is one of the eight phases of the Buddha’s existence—eight successive phases the Buddha is said to have displayed upon descending from the Tushita Heaven into the world. After his attainment of enlightenment, Shakyamuni Buddha gave his first sermon in Deer Park before the five ascetics, with whom he had formerly practiced austerities. On that occasion, he is said to have preached the doctrines of the four noble truths and the eightfold path. This sermon at Deer Park is known as the first turning of the wheel of the Law. See also eight phases of a Buddha’s existence.