ten unlawful revisions ［十事の非法］ ( jūji-no-hihō): Also, ten unlawful things. Ten modifications of the rules of monastic discipline practiced by a group of monks in Vaishālī, India, about one hundred years after Shakyamuni Buddha’s death. An assembly, headed by Yasa, was convened in Vaishālī to discuss whether those modifications were deviations from the established rules of discipline, with the majority ruling that they were unlawful. This assembly is known as the Second Buddhist Council. Division over the matter resulted in a schism in the Buddhist Order, with the monks of Vaishālī, who had adopted these less rigid rules, forming the Mahāsamghika school, and the majority of the assembly, who had declared them unlawful, forming the Sthaviravāda (Pali Theravāda) school. While the list of these ten practices differs among Buddhist traditions, one describes the ten as stating that monks should be allowed (1) to store salt; (2) to eat after the noon hour; (3) even after having eaten in a village, to take a second meal in another village; (4) to hold the meeting for self-examination and confession of faults and errors at locations other than those prescribed; (5) to conduct a ceremony even if the prescribed number of attendants is not reached; (6) to follow a precedent set by their teacher, even if that precedent departs from monastic rules; (7) to drink a dairy beverage after a meal; (8) to drink unfermented palm juice; (9) to use bedding and mats other than those of the prescribed size; and (10) to accept monetary alms, as well as gifts of gold and silver, and store them.