Shan-tao ［善導］ (613–681) (PY Shandao; Zendō): The third patriarch of the Pure Land school in China. Shan-tao entered the priesthood at age ten and studied the Lotus, Vimalakīrti, and other sutras. Later he studied the Meditation on the Buddha Infinite Life Sutra and embraced the Pure Land teachings. In 641 he visited Tao-ch’o at Hsüan-chung-ssu temple, and was influenced deeply by Tao-ch’o’s lecture on the Meditation on the Buddha Infinite Life Sutra. Thereafter he went to the capital Ch’ang-an, where he disseminated the practice of chanting the name of Amida Buddha. In his work The Commentary on the Meditation on the Buddha Infinite Life Sutra, Shan-tao classified Buddhist practices into the categories of correct and sundry. He defined the correct practices to be those directed toward Amida Buddha and regarded all other practices as sundry. In Japan, Hōnen (1133–1212) studied Shan-tao’s Commentary on the Meditation on the Buddha Infinite Life Sutra and founded the Pure Land (Jōdo) school. Shan-tao also wrote Praising Rebirth in the Pure Land and other works.