seven Buddhas of the past ［過去七仏］ ( kako-shichi-butsu): Also, seven Buddhas. Shakyamuni and six Buddhas said to have preceded him. The six Buddhas are Vipashyin, Shikhin, Vishvabhū, Krakucchanda, Kanakamuni, and Kāshyapa. The first three Buddhas appeared in the past Glorious Kalpa, while the other four Buddhas including Shakyamuni appeared in the present Wise Kalpa. The seven Buddhas are mentioned in the Long Āgama Sutra, the Seven Buddhas Sutra, and other sutras.