Shinga ［真雅］ (801–879): Also known as the Administrator of Priests Jōgan-ji. A priest of the True Word (Shingon) school in Japan and the founder of Jōgan-ji temple in Kyoto. In 809 he renounced secular life and studied Esoteric Buddhism under his elder brother, Kōbō, the founder of the True Word school. In 825 he was invested with the rank of ajari ( āchārya), or teacher, in Esoteric Buddhism. In 847 he was appointed superintendent of Tōdai-ji temple, and in 860 became the chief priest of Tō-ji temple. In 862 he founded Jōgan-ji temple in the capital, Kyoto, and in 864 he was appointed administrator of priests. After Kōbō’s death, he became an influential leader in the True Word school and headed Shingon-in temple at Tōdai-ji. He was often called on by the rulers to perform esoteric rituals for the protection of the country. He wrote The Treatise on the Womb Realm.